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Тактика и вооружение самураев

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!!!

Полхов переводит "Синтё ко-ки" на русский! Сейчас он выложил пару статей с комментариями и переводы свитков 1, 2, 5. Скорее всего - по итогу будет книга.

Раз, два, три.

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1 час назад, hoplit сказал:

!!!

Полхов переводит "Синтё ко-ки" на русский! Сейчас он выложил пару статей с комментариями и переводы свитков 1, 2, 5. Скорее всего - по итогу будет книга.

Раз, два, три.

Аварэ, вот это новость! Найти бы ещё его книгу про законы даймё...

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2 минуты назад, Тайра-но Хидэаки сказал:

Аварэ, вот это новость! Найти бы ещё его книгу про законы даймё...

На алибе есть. Плюс много отдельных статей. 

P.S. Да, он, кажется, уже кусок 6-го свитка опубликовал. 

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"Повесть о смуте годов Хэйдзи". 平治物語 И тут.

Перевод Страмиджоли - тут и тут. Можно будет потом их сравнить, на край...

Сравнивать с переводом В. Онищенко смысла нет вообще - той версии текста (самая ранняя - 40-70 лет после событий), которой пользовался он, я не нашел. Доступные - резко отличаются. =/ 

承久記 "Повесть о смуте годов Дзёкю". Там стена каны и ловить мне нечего. 

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Уже было тут, но скопирую-ка текст описания. Еще.

Цитата

“Kano Bicchumori kaei gonen kacchu chakuyo choren ezu” [“Military Exercises at the Estate of Kano, Lord of Bicchu, in the Fifth Year of Kaei”]. One picture scroll, 263 x 10,170 mm., with numerous illus. and black & red manuscript explanatory text.

Kano, Hisaakira, 2nd Fiefdom Lord of Ichinomiya-han.

[From the preface]: “April 1852.”

Цитата

In the early 1850s, Japan still maintained sakoku, a policy of isolationism established in 1635 and intended to minimize foreign influence. The governments of Britain, the United States, and Russia, were each determined to be the first to benefit from trade with Japan. Within Japan, there was a growing and passionate debate about how to respond to foreign incursions. Two major camps formed: one claimed it was necessary to use foreign technology in order to repel invasions; the other argued that only traditional Japanese methods should be employed. Our scroll depicts the integration of Western weapons into this faction’s strategy.

This is a finely illustrated scroll with bird’s-eye views of Lord Hisaakira Kano’s well-equipped private army at a shimoyashiki (a secondary estate) outside of central Edo. It depicts military exercises which took place a year before Commodore Matthew Perry’s first arrival. The scroll vividly illustrates formations, uniforms, and the coordinated use of rifles and cannons. In one of the scenes depicted in our scroll, Kano (1813-64), second lord of Ichinomiya-han in Kazusa province, is shown leading the exhibition of his troops’ capabilities. A top minister of security, Kano advised the shogun closely on matters of national defense. An authority on such matters, he prioritized the coastal defenses of his province, which occupied a key strategic location close to Edo. Kano’s army, composed of farmers, fishermen, and merchants, was superbly organized and well-equipped with the latest military technology supplied by the Dutch.

The preface by Ishishi Keikyo (probably a pen-name) announces the depicted exercises as a momentous occasion celebrating Kano’s military expertise. The scroll opens with a close-up at the entrance of the estate, which has been heavily decorated with the battle banners of the Kano family, as a dignitary arrives with his attendants. Guards stand ready to inspect them. The next panel offers a more expansive view, from a greater distance, of the parade grounds and the preparations for the exercises. On the right are the headquarters where the leaders (some named in red) have placed their ceremonial armor and weapons. In the background, troops in makeshift structures prepare for the display by putting on their armor.

The following panels show Kano troops in formation as the exercises begin. They divide themselves into smaller squads, each behind their own colored flag, then form a procession in the shape of a square. The text in black provides the name of the formation (i.e. kagyu no jin “snail formation”; koya maedatami “defensive lines”; gyogun “marching formation”; yonchojo “four line formation”; juni inyo “twelve lines”; zenjin tezume daishohorenpatsu “cannon and rifle formation”; senjin kojin sogakari daishojurenpatsu “frontline and backline charge together with small guns”; sogun tsuiho “all-out assault”; and ryogun gattai “final assembly”). The red text meticulously describes the composition and purposes of each formation, as well as naming many of the generals involved.

Subsequent sections depict the live-fire portion of the exercise. The riflemen form long lines adjacent to several cannons. Behind long sheets held up by two men, they fire into empty space. The brushwork masterfully renders the billowing gunpowder smoke. Soldiers armed with spears and swords charge at the imaginary enemy, while the riflemen and cannoneers smile, their part of the job complete. At this point, the amount of red text increases greatly, likely because of the explanation of weapons and tactics unfamiliar to many in Japan. In the penultimate panel, the riflemen and cannons create a longer line, fire, then charge with their comrades to land the finishing blow. In the final section, the troops join in formation around their leader Lord Kano. Different squads are distinguished by colored banners and armor.

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5730_4.jpg.648322cafe4f811b284a515dc218f

 

Еще. Gunbai: Ancient Japanese Warfare. 

Жаль, что со ссылками не особо... =(

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Гринев А.В. Индейцы Тлинкиты в период русской Америки: 1741-1867 гг. 1991

Цитата

Войны велись в виде чередования рейдов и контр-рейдов. Военные экспедиции тлинкитов отправлялись на флотилиях каноэ. “Отличаясь храбростью и неустрашимостью, — писал архимандрит Анатолий, — они предпринимали нередко походы морем на своих яках, — огромных лодках, — подобно викингам, на огромные расстояния, причем в одни сутки, при благоприятной погоде, проезжали по 150 и 200 миль, т.е. около 300 верст" [1, с. 4—5]. Скрытно подплыв к вражескому селению, воины неожиданно нападали ночью или на рассвете. При успешной атаке мужчин либо убивали, либо так же, как женщин и детей, захватывали в плен. Каждую военную партию обычно сопровождал шаман. Духи шамана, по представлениям индейцев, охраняли военный отряд, предсказывали появление врага, число убитых и т.д. [127, р. 450].

Родственные и соседские связи оказывали определенное влияние на характер внутриплеменных столкновений. Если ссора возникала внутри селения, то обиженная сторона после неоднократных безрезультатных требований выплаты компенсации вызывала обидчиков на открытый бой. В таком столкновении старались не убивать, а лишь ранить и, если добивались превосходства, принуждали побежденных к уплате долга. Иначе дело обстояло, если конфликт разгорался между представителями различных селений или куанов. В этом случае месть готовилась тщательно и непременно втайне от женщин, поскольку они могли сообщить своим сородичам из селения противника о готовящемся нападении. Обидчикам при этом не приходилось рассчитывать на снисхождение в бою [72, с. 84 ].

Военные столкновения внутри племени происходили, как правило, только между локальными подразделениями различных родов; причем во время нападения воинов на ту часть селения, где жили их враги, члены других родов зачастую были лишь сторонними наблюдателями или же призывали остановить кровопролитие и решить спорные вопросы мирными средствами [119, р. 61]. Такие столкновения имели место, вероятно, между локальными подразделениями родов соседних куанов. При набегах на отдаленные куаны или, напротив, при отражении нападения их воинов члены различных родов одного или даже нескольких селений куана нередко объединялись. Так, в одном из преданий говорится, что для отражения набега с юга тлинкитов Хенъя куана поднялись все роды фратрии Волка в селениях Клакван и Йендестаке куана Чилкат. В ответный рейд чилкатцы послали 60 военных каноэ. Во время неожиданного нападения на лагерь хенъя было перебито около 200 чел., а около 40 женщин захвачено в плен [121, р. 79].

 

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Joseph Ryan a and Gina Barnes. Armor in Japan and Korea // Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. 2014 

Данные по корпусному доспеху по 5 век включительно

Цитата

While a comprehensive treatment of protective armor requires consideration of helmets and other auxiliary wear such as guards for the shoulder, shin, and neck, this entry will focus mainly on body armor and only through the fifth century CE

 

Корея. Доспехи из кости.

Цитата

Additionally, bone lamellae have been found from several sites, most notably the late fifth-century Mongchon-toseong (Mongch’on T’osŏng) sitein Baekje (Paekche).

c0036507_470b95d51e6d1.jpg.89c775711ee5f

The Baekje bone lamellar armour uncovered at Mongchontoseong in Seoul / 몽촌토성 출토 갑옷 ⓒ 서울대학교박물관

 

Япония, доспехи из дерева 

Цитата

Wooden armor from the Japanese archipelago can be categorized into two types: plate armor made by binding numerous wooden tabs together (Fig. 2a) and “fitted” cuirasses made by hollowing out a log and comprising a single rear and two front sections (Fig. 2b) (Hashimoto,1996; Kamiya, 2010).The former are confined to the second half of the first millennium BCE and may represent continental influence. The latter are believed to be a domestic development and stretch from the second half of the first millennium BCE to the late fourth century CE.

и кости

Цитата

Moreover, the discovery in late 2012 of dozens of bone lamellae at the early sixth-century Kanai-higashiura site in Gunma Prefecture attests to the diverse nature of materials used.

023-2.jpg.1b23b28617187e273b8f6750958183

Set of deer antler armor plates. Kanai Higashiura, Shibukawa City, Gunma Prefecture. Latter half of the Middle to Late Kofun Periods (mid-fifth to start of the sixth centuries)

 

И прочее

Цитата

In addition to wooden armor, lacquer-coated leather cuirassesfiber cuirassesleather tasses, and leather-keeled helmets are also known.

 

Железные кирасы

Цитата

Approximately 60 examples of iron plate armor have been discovered from the Korean Peninsula and approximately 530 examples from the Japanese Archipelago.

Железные ламелляры

Цитата

Approximately 100 lamellar suits have been unearthed in the Korean Peninsula. Kofun-period lamellar suits unearthed from the Japanese Islands number approximately 200 (although the majority of these date to the sixth century)

 

О соотношении типов брони и всадничества в Японии

Цитата

The introduction of lamellar armor has traditionally been interpreted as signaling the spread of horse-riding culture and the establishment of an equestrian elite. An analysis of the earliest lamellar armor and horse trappings in the archipelago, however, reveals they are not discovered together; approximately half a century passes before they appear together with any frequency. Moreover, the common assumption that lamellar armor was for equestrian and plate armor was for foot soldiers has also been called into question. Of fifth-century tombs, horse trappings are found paired with lamellar armor in 31 tombs and plate armor in 83 tombs

 

Статья, отмечу, 2014 года, а не 2020. Большая часть материалов - "около 2010 года", частью - еще более свежая (упоминание находок 2012 года).  

 

По размеру лошадей  Ken Sasaki. Adoption of the Practice of Horse-Riding in Kofun Period Japan: With Special Reference to the Case of the Central Highlands of Japan // Japanese Journal of Archaeology, Volume 6, Number 1, 2018.

Кинай, V CA

Цитата

In the first group, the westernmost site is the Shitomiya-Kita site, at the altitude of 1.0 meter, and dated to the fifth century. ...  A complete set of horse skeleton was discovered, evidence that the horse was carefully buried. The horse was identified as Mongolian breed, characterized by very short height of 125 cm. The horse trappings included two wooden stirrups, a part of a lacquered wooden saddle, and a pair of iron horse bits.

 

Дополнительно - Koji Mizoguchi. The Archaeology of Japan: From the Earliest Rice Farming Villages to the Rise of the State (Cambridge World Archaeology). 2013

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      - NATHAN S. LOWREY. AN ETHNOARCHAEOLOGICAL INQUIRY INTO THE FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PROJECTILE POINT AND ARMOR TECHNOLOGIES OF THE NORTHWEST COAST.
      - F. A. Golder. Primitive Warfare among the Natives of Western Alaska. 
      - Donald Mitchell. Predatory Warfare, Social Status, and the North Pacific Slave Trade. 
      - H. Kory Cooper and Gabriel J. Bowen. Metal Armor from St. Lawrence Island. 
      - Katherine L. Reedy-Maschner and Herbert D. G. Maschner. Marauding Middlemen: Western Expansion and Violent Conflict in the Subarctic.
      - Madonna L. Moss and Jon M. Erlandson. Forts, Refuge Rocks, and Defensive Sites: The Antiquity of Warfare along the North Pacific Coast of North America.
      - Owen K. Mason. Flight from the Bering Strait: Did Siberian Punuk/Thule Military Cadres Conquer Northwest Alaska?
      - Joan B. Townsend. Firearms against Native Arms: A Study in Comparative Efficiencies with an Alaskan Example. 
      - Jerry Melbye and Scott I. Fairgrieve. A Massacre and Possible Cannibalism in the Canadian Arctic: New Evidence from the Saunaktuk Site (NgTn-1).
      - McClelland A.V. The Evolution of Tlingit Daggers // Sharing Our Knowledge. The Tlingit and Their Coastal Neighbors. 2015
       
       
      - ФРЭНК СЕКОЙ. ВОЕННЫЕ НАВЫКИ ИНДЕЙЦЕВ ВЕЛИКИХ РАВНИН.
      - Hoig, Stan. Tribal Wars of the Southern Plains.
      - D. E. Worcester. Spanish Horses among the Plains Tribes.
      - DANIEL J. GELO AND LAWRENCE T. JONES III. Photographic Evidence for Southern
      Plains Armor.
      - Heinz W. Pyszczyk. Historic Period Metal Projectile Points and Arrows, Alberta, Canada: A Theory for Aboriginal Arrow Design on the Great Plains.
      - Waldo R. Wedel. CHAIN MAIL IN PLAINS ARCHEOLOGY.
      - Mavis Greer and John Greer. Armored Horses in Northwestern Plains Rock Art.
      - James D. Keyser, Mavis Greer and John Greer. Arminto Petroglyphs: Rock Art Damage Assessment and Management Considerations in Central Wyoming.
      - Mavis Greer and John Greer. Armored
 Horses 
in 
the 
Musselshell
 Rock 
Art
 of Central
 Montana.
      - Thomas Frank Schilz and Donald E. Worcester. The Spread of Firearms among the Indian Tribes on the Northern Frontier of New Spain.
      - Стукалин Ю. Военное дело индейцев Дикого Запада. Энциклопедия.
      - James D. Keyser and Michael A. Klassen. Plains Indian rock art.
       
       
      - D. Bruce Dickson. The Yanomamo of the Mississippi Valley? Some Reflections on Larson (1972), Gibson (1974), and Mississippian Period Warfare in the Southeastern United States.
      - Steve A. Tomka. THE ADOPTION OF THE BOW AND ARROW: A MODEL BASED ON EXPERIMENTAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS.
      - Wayne  William  Van  Horne. The  Warclub: Weapon  and  symbol  in  Southeastern  Indian  Societies.
      - W.  KARL  HUTCHINGS s  LORENZ  W.  BRUCHER. Spearthrower performance: ethnographic
      and  experimental research.
      - DOUGLAS J. KENNETT, PATRICIA M. LAMBERT, JOHN R. JOHNSON, AND BRENDAN J. CULLETON. Sociopolitical Effects of Bow and Arrow Technology in Prehistoric Coastal California.
      - The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research Reporting on Environmental Degradation
      and Warfare. Editors Richard J. Chacon, Rubén G. Mendoza.
      - Walter Hough. Primitive American Armor. 
      - George R. Milner. Nineteenth-Century Arrow Wounds and Perceptions of Prehistoric Warfare.
      - Patricia M. Lambert. The Archaeology of War: A North American Perspective.
      - David E. Jonesэ Native North American Armor, Shields, and Fortifications.
      - Laubin, Reginald. Laubin, Gladys. American Indian Archery.
      - Karl T. Steinen. AMBUSHES, RAIDS, AND PALISADES: MISSISSIPPIAN WARFARE IN THE INTERIOR SOUTHEAST.
      - Jon L. Gibson. Aboriginal Warfare in the Protohistoric Southeast: An Alternative Perspective. 
      - Barbara A. Purdy. Weapons, Strategies, and Tactics of the Europeans and the Indians in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Florida.
      - Charles Hudson. A Spanish-Coosa Alliance in Sixteenth-Century North Georgia.
      - Keith F. Otterbein. Why the Iroquois Won: An Analysis of Iroquois Military Tactics.
      - George R. Milner. Warfare in Prehistoric and Early Historic Eastern North America // Journal of Archaeological Research, Vol. 7, No. 2 (June 1999), pp. 105-151
      - George R. Milner, Eve Anderson and Virginia G. Smith. Warfare in Late Prehistoric West-Central Illinois // American Antiquity. Vol. 56, No. 4 (Oct., 1991), pp. 581-603
      - Daniel K. Richter. War and Culture: The Iroquois Experience. 
      - Jeffrey P. Blick. The Iroquois practice of genocidal warfare (1534‐1787).
      - Michael S. Nassaney and Kendra Pyle. The Adoption of the Bow and Arrow in Eastern North America: A View from Central Arkansas.
      - J. Ned Woodall. MISSISSIPPIAN EXPANSION ON THE EASTERN FRONTIER: ONE STRATEGY IN THE NORTH CAROLINA PIEDMONT.
      - Roger Carpenter. Making War More Lethal: Iroquois vs. Huron in the Great Lakes Region, 1609 to 1650.
      - Craig S. Keener. An Ethnohistorical Analysis of Iroquois Assault Tactics Used against Fortified Settlements of the Northeast in the Seventeenth Century.
      - Leroy V. Eid. A Kind of : Running Fight: Indian Battlefield Tactics in the Late Eighteenth Century.
      - Keith F. Otterbein. Huron vs. Iroquois: A Case Study in Inter-Tribal Warfare.
      - Jennifer Birch. Coalescence and Conflict in Iroquoian Ontario // Archaeological Review from Cambridge - 25.1 - 2010
      - William J. Hunt, Jr. Ethnicity and Firearms in the Upper Missouri Bison-Robe Trade: An Examination of Weapon Preference and Utilization at Fort Union Trading Post N.H.S., North Dakota.
      - Patrick M. Malone. Changing Military Technology Among the Indians of Southern New England, 1600-1677.
      - David H. Dye. War Paths, Peace Paths An Archaeology of Cooperation and Conflict in Native Eastern North America.
      - Wayne Van Horne. Warfare in Mississippian Chiefdoms.
      - Wayne E. Lee. The Military Revolution of Native North America: Firearms, Forts, and Polities // Empires and indigenes: intercultural alliance, imperial expansion, and warfare in the early modern world. Edited by Wayne E. Lee. 2011
      - Steven LeBlanc. Prehistoric Warfare in the American Southwest. 1999.
      - Keith F. Otterbein. A History of Research on Warfare in Anthropology // American Anthropologist. Vol. 101, No. 4 (Dec., 1999), pp. 794-805
      - Lee, Wayne. Fortify, Fight, or Flee: Tuscarora and Cherokee Defensive Warfare and Military Culture Adaptation // The Journal of Military History, Volume 68, Number 3, July 2004, pp. 713-770
      - Wayne E. Lee. Peace Chiefs and Blood Revenge: Patterns of Restraint in Native American Warfare, 1500-1800 // The Journal of Military History. Vol. 71, No. 3 (Jul., 2007), pp. 701-741
       
      - Weapons, Weaponry and Man: In Memoriam Vytautas Kazakevičius (Archaeologia Baltica, Vol. 8). 2007
      - The Horse and Man in European Antiquity: Worldview, Burial Rites, and Military and Everyday Life (Archaeologia Baltica, Vol. 11). 2009
      - The Taking and Displaying of Human Body Parts as Trophies by Amerindians. 2007
      - The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research. Reporting on Environmental Degradation
      and Warfare. 2012
      - Empires and Indigenes: Intercultural Alliance, Imperial Expansion, and Warfare in the Early Modern World. 2011
      - A. Gat. War in Human Civilization.
      - Keith F. Otterbein. Killing of Captured Enemies: A Cross‐cultural Study.
      - Azar Gat. The Causes and Origins of "Primitive Warfare": Reply to Ferguson.
      - Azar Gat. The Pattern of Fighting in Simple, Small-Scale, Prestate Societies.
      - Lawrence H. Keeley. War Before Civilization: the Myth of the Peaceful Savage.
      - Keith F. Otterbein. Warfare and Its Relationship to the Origins of Agriculture.
      - Jonathan Haas. Warfare and the Evolution of Culture.
      - М. Дэйви. Эволюция войн.
      - War in the Tribal Zone Expanding States and Indigenous Warfare Edited by R. Brian Ferguson and Neil L. Whitehead.
      - I.J.N. Thorpe. Anthropology, Archaeology, and the Origin of Warfare.
      - Антропология насилия. Новосибирск. 2010.
      - Jean Guilaine and Jean Zammit. The origins of war: violence in prehistory. 2005. Французское издание было в 2001 году - le Sentier de la Guerre: Visages de la violence préhistorique.
      - Warfare in Bronze Age Society. 2018

    • Мусульманские армии Средних веков
      By hoplit
      Maged S. A. Mikhail. Notes on the "Ahl al-Dīwān": The Arab-Egyptian Army of the Seventh through the Ninth Centuries C.E. // Journal of the American Oriental Society,  Vol. 128, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 2008), pp. 273-284
      David Ayalon. Studies on the Structure of the Mamluk Army // Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
      David Ayalon. Aspects of the Mamlūk Phenomenon // Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East
      Bethany J. Walker. Militarization to Nomadization: The Middle and Late Islamic Periods // Near Eastern Archaeology,  Vol. 62, No. 4 (Dec., 1999), pp. 202-232
      David Ayalon. The Mamlūks of the Seljuks: Islam's Military Might at the Crossroads //  Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Nov., 1996), pp. 305-333
      David Ayalon. The Auxiliary Forces of the Mamluk Sultanate // Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East. Volume 65, Issue 1 (Jan 1988)
      C. E. Bosworth. The Armies of the Ṣaffārids // Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London,  Vol. 31, No. 3 (1968), pp. 534-554
      C. E. Bosworth. Military Organisation under the Būyids of Persia and Iraq // Oriens,  Vol. 18/19 (1965/1966), pp. 143-167
      R. Stephen Humphreys. The Emergence of the Mamluk Army //  Studia Islamica,  No. 45 (1977), pp. 67-99
      R. Stephen Humphreys. The Emergence of the Mamluk Army (Conclusion) // Studia Islamica,  No. 46 (1977), pp. 147-182
      Nicolle, D. The military technology of classical Islam. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of Edinburgh. 1982
      Nicolle D. Fighting for the Faith: the many fronts of Crusade and Jihad, 1000-1500 AD. 2007
      Patricia Crone. The ‘Abbāsid Abnā’ and Sāsānid Cavalrymen // Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 8 (1998)
      D.G. Tor. The Mamluks in the military of the pre-Seljuq Persianate dynasties // Iran,  Vol. 46 (2008), pp. 213-225 (!)
      J. W. Jandora. Developments in Islamic Warfare: The Early Conquests // Studia Islamica,  No. 64 (1986), pp. 101-113
      John W. Jandora. The Battle of the Yarmuk: A Reconstruction // Journal of Asian History, 19 (1): 8–21. 1985
      Khalil ʿAthamina. Non-Arab Regiments and Private Militias during the Umayyād Period // Arabica, T. 45, Fasc. 3 (1998), pp. 347-378
      B. J. Beshir. Fatimid Military Organization // Der Islam. Volume 55, Issue 1, Pages 37–56
      Andrew C. S. Peacock. Nomadic Society and the Seljūq Campaigns in Caucasia // Iran & the Caucasus,  Vol. 9, No. 2 (2005), pp. 205-230
      Jere L. Bacharach. African Military Slaves in the Medieval Middle East: The Cases of Iraq (869-955) and Egypt (868-1171) //  International Journal of Middle East Studies,  Vol. 13, No. 4 (Nov., 1981), pp. 471-495
      Deborah Tor. Privatized Jihad and public order in the pre-Seljuq period: The role of the Mutatawwi‘a // Iranian Studies, 38:4, 555-573
      Гуринов Е.А. , Нечитайлов М.В. Фатимидская армия в крестовых походах 1096 - 1171 гг. // "Воин" (Новый) №10. 2010. Сс. 9-19
      Нечитайлов М.В. Мусульманское завоевание Испании. Армии мусульман // Крылов С.В., Нечитайлов М.В. Мусульманское завоевание Испании. Saarbrücken: LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2015.
      Нечитайлов М.В., Гуринов Е.А. Армия Саладина (1171-1193 гг.) (1) // Воин № 15. 2011. Сс. 13-25.
      Нечитайлов М.В., Шестаков Е.В. Андалусские армии: от Амиридов до Альморавидов (1009-1090 гг.) (1) // Воин №12. 2010. 
      Kennedy, H.N. The Military Revolution and the Early Islamic State // Noble ideals and bloody realities. Warfare in the middle ages. P. 197-208. 2006.
      Kennedy, H.N. Military pay and the economy of the early Islamic state // Historical research LXXV (2002), pp. 155–69.
      Kennedy, H.N. The Financing of the Military in the Early Islamic State // The Byzantine and Early Islamic Near East. Vol. III, ed. A. Cameron (Princeton, Darwin 1995), pp. 361–78.
      H.A.R. Gibb. The Armies of Saladin // Studies on the Civilization of Islam. 1962
      David Neustadt. The Plague and Its Effects upon the Mamlûk Army // The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. No. 1 (Apr., 1946), pp. 67-73
      Ulrich Haarmann. The Sons of Mamluks as Fief-holders in Late Medieval Egypt // Land tenure and social transformation in the Middle East. 1984
      H. Rabie. The Size and Value of the Iqta in Egypt 564-741 A.H./l 169-1341 A.D. // Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East: from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day. 1970
      Yaacov Lev. Infantry in Muslim armies during the Crusades // Logistics of warfare in the Age of the Crusades. 2002. Pp. 185-208
      Yaacov Lev. Army, Regime, and Society in Fatimid Egypt, 358-487/968-1094 // International Journal of Middle East Studies. Vol. 19, No. 3 (Aug., 1987), pp. 337-365
      E. Landau-Tasseron. Features of the Pre-Conquest Muslim Army in the Time of Mu ̨ammad // The Byzantine and Early Islamic near East. Vol. III: States, Resources and Armies. 1995. Pp. 299-336
      Shihad al-Sarraf. Mamluk Furusiyah Literature and its Antecedents // Mamluk Studies Review. vol. 8/4 (2004): 141–200.
      Rabei G. Khamisy Baybarsʼ Strategy of War against the Franks // Journal of Medieval Military History. Volume XVI. 2018
      Manzano Moreno. El asentamiento y la organización de los yund-s sirios en al-Andalus // Al-Qantara: Revista de estudios arabes, vol. XIV, fasc. 2 (1993), p. 327-359
       
      Kennedy, Hugh. The Armies of the Caliphs : Military and Society in the Early Islamic State Warfare and History. 2001
      Blankinship, Khalid Yahya. The End of the Jihâd State : The Reign of Hisham Ibn Àbd Al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads. 1994.
      Patricia Crone. Slaves on Horses. The Evolution of the Islamic Polity. 1980
      Hamblin W. J. The Fatimid Army During the Early Crusades. 1985
      Daniel Pipes. Slave Soldiers and Islam: The Genesis of a Military System. 1981
       
      P.S. Большую часть работ Николя в список вносить не стал - его и так все знают. Пишет хорошо, читать все. Часто пространные главы про армиям мусульманского Леванта есть в литературе по Крестовым походам. Хоть в R.C. Smail. Crusading Warfare 1097-1193, хоть в Steven Tibble. The Crusader Armies: 1099-1187 (!)...
    • Порох во Вьетнаме.
      By hoplit
      - Sun Laichen. Chinese Military Technology and Dai Viet c. 1390–1497. 2003.
      - Sun Laichen. Military Technology Transfers from Ming China and the Emergence of Northern Mainland Southeast Asia (c. 1390-1527). 2003.
      - Sun Laichen. Chinese-style Firearms in Dai Viet (Vietnam). The Archaeological Evidence. 2008.
      - Sun Laichen. Chinese-style gunpowder weapons in Southeast Asia. Focusing on archeological evidence. 2011
      - George Dutton. Flaming Tiger, Burning Dragon: Elements of Early Modern Vietnamese Military Technology. 2003.
      -  Frédéric Mantienne. The Transfer of Western Military Technology to Vietnam in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries: The Case of the NguyễN. 2003.
      - John K. Whitmore. The two great campaigns of the Hong-duc era (1470–97) in Dai Viet. 2004.
      - Victor Lieberman. Some Comparative Thoughts on Premodern Southeast Asian Warfare. 2003.
       
       
      -  Michael W Charney. Southeast Asian Warfare, 1300-1900. 2004.
      - Warring Societies of Pre-Colonial Southeast Asia: Local Cultures of Conflict within a Regional Context. 2017
    • Пушки на палубах. Европа в 15-17 век.
      By hoplit
      Tullio Vidoni. Medieval seamanship under sail. 1987.
      Richard W. Unger. Warships and Cargo Ships in Medieval Europe. 1981.
      Dotson J.E. Ship types and fleet composition at Genoa and Venice in the early thirteenth century. 2002.
      John H. Pryor. The naval battles of Roger of Lauria // Journal of Medieval History (1983), 9:3, 179-216
      Lawrence Mott. The Battle of Malta, 1283: Prelude to a Disaster // The Circle of war in the middle ages. 1999. p. 145-172
      Charles D. Stanton. Roger of Lauria (c. 1250-1305): "Admiral of Admirals". 2019
      Mike Carr. Merchant Crusaders in the Aegean, 1291–1352. 2015
       
      Oppenheim M. A history of the administration of the royal navy and of merchant shipping in relation to the navy, from MDIX to MDCLX. 1896.
      L. G. C. Laughton. THE SQUARE-TUCK STERN AND THE GUN-DECK. 1961.
      L.G. Carr Laughton. Gunnery,Frigates and the Line of Battle. 1928.
      M.A.J. Palmer. The ‘Military Revolution’ Afloat: The Era of the Anglo-Dutch Wars and the Transition to Modern Warfare at Sea. 1997.
      R. E. J. Weber. THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SINGLE LINE AHEAD AS A BATTLE FORMATION BY THE DUTCH 1665 -1666. 1987.
      Kelly De Vries. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FIFTEENTH-CENTURY SHIPBOARD ARTILLERY. 1998.
      Geoffrey Parker. THE DREADNOUGHT REVOLUTION OF TUDOR ENGLAND. 1996.
      A.M. Rodger. THE DEVELOPMENT OF BROADSIDE GUNNERY, 1450–1650. 1996.
      Sardinha Monteiro, Luis Nuno. FERNANDO OLIVEIRA'S ART OF WAR AT SEA (1555). 2015.
      Rudi  Roth. A  proposed standard  in  the reporting  of  historic artillery. 1989.
      Kelly R. DeVries. A 1445 Reference to Shipboard Artillery. 1990.
      J. D. Moody. OLD NAVAL GUN-CARRIAGES. 1952.
      Michael Strachan. SAMPSON'S FIGHT WITH MALTESE GALLEYS, 1628. 1969.
      Randal Gray. Spinola's Galleys in the Narrow Seas 1599–1603. 1978.
      L. V. Mott. SQUARE-RIGGED GREAT GALLEYS OF THE LATE FIFTEENTH CENTURY. 1988.
      Joseph Eliav. Tactics of Sixteenth-century Galley Artillery. 2013.
      John F. Guilmartin. The Earliest Shipboard Gunpowder Ordnance: An Analysis of Its Technical Parameters and Tactical Capabilities. 2007.
      Joseph Eliav. The Gun and Corsia of Early Modern Mediterranean Galleys: Design issues and
      rationales. 2013.
      John F. Guilmartin. The military revolution in warfare at sea during the early modern era:
      technological origins, operational outcomes and strategic consequences. 2011.
      Joe J. Simmons. Replicating Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Ordnance. 1992.
      Ricardo Cerezo Martínez. La táctica naval en el siglo XVI. Introducción y tácticas. 1983.
      Ricardo Cerezo Martínez. La batalla de las Islas Terceras, 1582. 1982.
      Ships and Guns: The Sea Ordnance in Venice and in Europe between the 15th and the 17th Centuries. 2011.
      W. P. Guthrie. Naval Actions of the Thirty Years' War // The Mariner's Mirror, 87:3, 262-280. 2001
      Steven Ashton Walton. The Art of Gunnery in Renaissance England. 1999
       L.G.Carr Laughton & Michael Lewis. Early Tudor Ship Guns // The Mariner's Mirror, 46:4 (1960), 242-285
       
      A. M. Rodger. IMAGE AND REALITY IN EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY NAVAL TACTICS. 2003.
      Brian Tunstall. Naval Warfare in the Age of Sail: The Evolution of Fighting Tactics, 1650-1815. 1990.
      Emir Yener. Ottoman Seapower and Naval Technology during Catherine II’s Turkish Wars 1768-1792. 2016.
       
      Боевые парусники уже в конце 15 века довольно похожи на своих потомков века 18. Однако есть "но". "Линейная тактика", ассоциируемая с линкорами 18 века - это не про каракки, галеоны, нао и каравеллы 16 века, она складывается только во второй половине 17 столетия. Небольшая подборка статей и книг, помогающих понять - "что было до".
       
      Ещё пара интересных статей. Не совсем флот и совсем не 15-17 века.
      Gijs A. Rommelse. An early modern naval revolution? The relationship between ‘economic reason of state’ and maritime warfare // Journal for Maritime Research, 13:2, 138-150. 2011.
      N. A.M. Rodger. From the ‘military revolution’ to the ‘fiscal-naval state’ // Journal for Maritime Research, 13:2, 119-128. 2011.
      Morgan Kelly and Cormac Ó Gráda. Speed under Sail during the Early Industrial Revolution (c. 1750–1830) // Economic History Review 72, no. 2 (2019): 459–80.
    • Полное собрание документов Ли Сунсина (Ли Чхунму гон чонсо).
      By hoplit
      Просмотреть файл Полное собрание документов Ли Сунсина (Ли Чхунму гон чонсо).
      Полное собрание документов Ли Сунсина (Ли Чхунму гон чонсо). Раздел "Официальные бумаги". Сс. 279. М.: Восточная литература. 2017.
      Автор hoplit Добавлен 30.04.2020 Категория Корея